I have read a lot of papers in the recent past that advocate that Agile adoption is difficult or even impossible in Asia because of deeply rooted culture blockers including 'face', 'guanxi', respect for authority, top down culture, etc. While the arguments developed in these papers make lots of sense, I always felt unconvinced because the flip-side of those blockers shows a strong leaning towards individuals, interactions, and relationships built on non-contractual terms.
If we define Agility as the ability to embrace changes fast, where but in Asia can we observe as many radical, deep changes in the last 50 years? How much adaptability, flexibility and ability to cope with uncertainty the Asian people have demonstrated! Leaders have used strategies that combine experimentation, inspect and adapt cycles to re-shape their countries and their societies.
Looking at the other values of the Agile Manifesto I see more of a fit than a clash. Anybody who has done business in the region will have experienced that a contract is mainly an intent and that negotiations never stop. Often, problems are solved by analogy, talking with many people, investigating solutions used to solve similar issues. Finding a work-around to a prescriptive process or procedure is very common.
So why do we perceive a compatibility issue between Asia and Agile? Where does the friction come from? Without pretending that I have a simple answer to these questions, I would like to share some thoughts and seek your opinion and feedback.
The Agile movement has been initiated in the Western world. While all parts of the world need to better manage uncertainty in a faster changing world, the way to implement the Agile values might be culturally sensitive. How much of what we call an 'Agile culture' is actually the result of combining the Agile values of the manifesto with common Western beliefs in democracy, rule of law, equality or liberty? How much change is required to become Agile in a Western environment strongly linked to individualism, industrial maturity, bureaucracy and rational thinking education systems?
In other words, how much of the friction we observe between Asian and Agile values are actually due to a clash between Asian and Western culture?
Culture eats Agile for breakfast :-) 'One-size-fits-all' has never worked. Agile will materialize in various forms to accommodate with culture, and not the other way around. As coaches, we need to transform an organization's culture and there may be a dominant culture that is more to do with a team, a department or a company than a national culture.
In all cases, we need to leverage commonalities rather than focusing too much on differences. We should listen intently, understand the context we are in, identify impediments to agility and be pragmatic in the solutions we propose. I do not believe that Agile and any one country's (or region's) culture really clashes- but I am convinced that Agile and dogmatism do!
If you have designed or experienced non-conventional practices to address a cultural-specific challenge, we would be happy if you can share it with us!
By @Yann Hamon